the messages from Qatar really Give cause for hope? At the talks the United States, with the radical Islamic Taliban, significant progress has been made, it is the U.S. head of delegation Zalmay Khalilzad. There is “a draft for a Treaty framework”, – quotes the “New York Times” the special envoy, has been trying for months to reach an end to nearly two decades of war.
the Direct talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban are still not in sight. For the USA, however, a rapprochement with the Islamists would be an important step on the way to the announced change in strategy in Afghanistan. After that, U.S. President Donald Trump is planning a massive troop reduction in the Hindu Kush. The talk is that about half of the approximately 14,000 U.S. soldiers could be deducted in the country.
What is the for the German Afghanistan Mission means? Until today, the Bundeswehr has around 1,300 soldiers on the ground, to support the training of the Afghan security forces after the Nato combat mission in 2014 has been completed The new course of the American Administration in Germany to new Considerations in the Parliament, which must approve the deployment of the Bundeswehr.
“If the Americans reduce the number of their soldiers, this is definitely a different use,” says the FDP’s foreign politician Bijan Djir-Sarai of the MIRROR. He is going to withdraw the troops in the long term: “The German government and the Bundeswehr therefore needs an Exit strategy for Afghanistan.”
FDP-politician Bijan Djir-Sarai and Christian Lindner
Djir-Sarais is a remarkable statement. Since the age of 18 years – the Nato deployment began after the September 11 attacks. September 2001 in the United States and ended the rule of the Taliban has extended the FDP local operations of German troops in the Parliament. At the end of March, a further extension of the Mandate.
“adaptation to new realities”
“If the Federal government finds to the new location, there are no answers, I can recommend my group’s approval,” says Djir Sarai now. As a Deputy you will also be responsible for the safety of the soldiers. A break with the current line of his party, the foreign policy spokesman of the FDP parliamentary group does not see yet, – he speaks of “adapting to new realities”.
However, Djir-Sarai has not matched his thrust with the FDP-tip – for example, the responsible for foreign policy group, Deputy Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, or party leader, Christian Lindner. His goal is a debate that he believes that they will soon be conducted also in the parties of the coalition government.
defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen, had assured in February 2018, the end of the US military presence in Afghanistan, would withdraw the armed forces from the Hindu Kush. Last but Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) and foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) had been questioned by the foreign Affairs Committee of the Bundestag Afghanistan. Both had declared that they had not yet been informed officially by the U.S. government of a troop-reduction, told Djir-Sarai.
“that’s Why the government also argues, as long as this was not done, need to you develop any deduction strategy. I think that this is wrong.” A deduction from Today to Tomorrow, he does not want to, Germany is part of an international community. “But we have to work out when the trigger starts,” he urges.
Federal armed forces in Mazar-i-Sharif
Djir-Sarai relies explicitly on a solution with the Taliban. Although he got in as a rule, do not trust, but “the development in the past 18 years shows that you can not defeat the Taliban militarily”. At the end of the day they will reach a solution only if there is a Treaty of peace for the country. You can’t include Afghanistan in addition to stabilize without Pakistan, Iran and Saudi Arabia.
Prior to 2001, the Taliban exercised a brutal rule in the country. Would not be triggered by your inclusion of a mass Exodus? Not “necessarily,” believes the FDP-outdoor expert. Also, the Taliban would have to rely on people to build the country. In the cities, could keep the Central government with police and military, he hopes.
Actually, the Taliban’s control, according to the latest report by the U.S. special inspector for Afghanistan, approximately twelve percent of the districts in the country, a third of the districts is in dispute. Djir-Sarai refers to such Numbers and says, you always talk of one state, in reality, in Afghanistan, most of it for centuries on tribal structures. “This is also one of the reasons why the Central government has so little influence over the cities.”
Against this Background, and in view of the new US policy a Review of the German mission, he says: “If we continue as in the past, can we stay another 100 years in Afghanistan, and it will change nothing Essential”.