The Turkish President does not want to govern his country. He wants it according to his ideas. But while Recep Tayyip Erdogan is successful, more and more Power to accumulate, we cannot move forward with the reconstruction of society far less quickly.
He was going to raise a “pious Generation,” promised Erdogan supporters of his conservative Muslim AK party. However, in the almost 16 years of his tenure as President and Premier, religiosity in Turkey has not increased. In any case, a study in Turkey, just a sensation States.
The opinion research Institute Konda has asked 5793 Turks in 36 provinces of the country, in villages as in large cities. Thereafter, the number of citizens who describe themselves as “religious” has decreased in the past ten years, from 54 to 51 percent, only one in ten Turks considered themselves as “deeply religious”. Two of the three Turks, the fast of Ramadan, in 2008, there were still 77 percent. The number of atheists has, however, tripled.
Religion does not
For Erdogan to prescribe the result is likely to be a Nuisance: Its government has spent a lot of money to win young people for Muslim-conservative life style. Only in the past year, the education Ministry has increased the budget for religious education by 68 percent to 1.3 billion euros. Under Erdogan, the number of religious schools has increased tenfold from 450 to 4500.
“The society is not religious, only because it is the state wants,” says the sociologist Volkan Ertit. There are factors that have a stronger effect on the society as Erdogan’s politics: globalization, urbanization, and digitization.
Turkey has experienced in the last few decades, internal migration like no other country. Half a century ago, three out of four Turks lived on the Land. Today there are only seven per cent. Alone, the population of Istanbul has fifteen-fold since 1950 to at least 15 million.
The urbanisation change is the culture: people give up on life, habits, traditions lose their importance. For the young in the cities of Islamic rules play a less important role than for their parents.
Social networks play an extremely important role
Also, gender roles are changing: fewer and fewer Turks will find that women need the permission of their husband to work. Young men and women to decide for themselves with whom they live, rather than from their families fix you up with. Parents are more likely to be willing, daughters-in-law or son-in-law to accept the sons, even if they have a different Faith or a different origin.
The government has brought the traditional media largely under their control. Many Turks are therefore looking for alternative Ways to learn. 72 percent of Turks use Social media – as many as in hardly any other country.
Erdogan is determined by his Lord, patriarchales Occur, the image of Turkey abroad. But under him, a Generation grows up that is liberal, modern, and globally connected.