in 2015, created the States of the earth the global climate change agreement this year is a set of rules. The Chance seemed to reach an agreement is significantly worse than three years ago. Because since then, the community was in the world, a counter-movement emerged, they threatened to decompose the Plan of Paris. All of the States of the earth had agreed that the 2015 agreement to limit global warming, as 1.5 degrees. Emotional Speeches of the representatives of States fired a unity of noise, the like of which the world has rarely seen.
was passed to the UN climate change conference in Katowice, Poland in the last two weeks of the noise. The Speeches at the meeting were slogans. And the opponents of strict CO2 policy ventured out of cover.
The comparison with 2015 clearly shows how climate policy has in the past three years:
2015: USA and China made at the same time pressure on their allies. Both great powers wanted the contract together, convinced small States to join in.
2018: , US President, Donald Trump had announced the withdrawal of the USA from the climate Treaty, its delegates negotiated in Katowice very engaged in Trumps sense. “You have a lot of fights should be decided; they were the most Active in the negotiations,” describes a delegate of the island state, Dominika MIRROR the behavior of the US delegation. Result: China was forced to vote occasionally with the US – without the other a world power in the composite, it was his basis for the approval of the climate Treaty deprived.
Obama and Trump
2015: US President Barack Obama wanted to contract a Climate, he developed a “Rollout strategy”: He won many allies, by small groups, secured the first, specifically – which he later combined. So, he managed to win even the most stubborn opponents of a climate Treaty, such as the Oil States of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
2018: , US President, Trump doubts a dangerous climate change, the Paris climate agreement to be harmful. Delegates of the USA in Katowice demanded, the climate Treaty would have to be rewritten. The attitude had an effect: Saudi Arabia and Kuwait were once again open to ambitious CO2 policy.
Brazil and Germany
2015: Large emerging countries could be persuaded that a climate Treaty to join – although they viewed climate change as a legacy of the rich countries. Germany’s diplomacy was crucial to the process: After Meeting with Chancellor Angela Merkel in the late summer of 2015 drew Brazil’s former President Dilma Rousseff.
2018: Brazil has chosen Jair Bolsonaro, a President who denies the climate Treaty, he has announced large-scale forest clearing. At the meeting in Katowice, the messenger of the old government were still negotiating, they proclaimed slogans. At the end of the meeting, Brazil introduced the cross, delayed the negotiations by 24 hours, to get special rights. A first sign of the new government, suspected observers. Ultimately, however, Brazil agreed to what would be in the coming year under Bolsonaro possible. It is questionable especially since, if Germany could affect Brazil once again as of 2015. Germany missed the targets of its own climate, has lost his climate-halo for a long time.
India and China
2015: The great bone of contention in the climate negotiations has always been, whether the exhaust gas emerging countries such as China and India rich in the same CO2 rules will be subjected to industrial States, which have historically produced the most CO2. In Paris, agreement was possible, “Dependent” should also be emerging in the duty. Thus, monitoring the United Nations, your sharp separation in industrial countries and developing countries.
2018: In the negotiations of the rules of the climate Treaty in Katowice, the old cleavage. Discouraged by the behavior of the United States, China and India made no further concessions. The old trenches on cracks again.
Russia and Australia
2015: countries, the CO2 rules are critical, because they are detrimental to their industry, under the spirit of optimism threw in Paris; no one wanted to stand as an outsider. In addition to the, until then, open opposition Oil-producing countries, held in Paris, to the Surprise of all the representatives of Iran, Russia, Australia and Turkey glowing Talk on climate protection.
2018: , The skeptics are back, still rather verdruckst. Russia is about prevents with seven words to the greeting of the UN climate reports and Australia by the silence in the plenary, avoids a word message. “The countries of the Anti-coalition form a strategic community of interests”, stated the policy researchers Reimund Schwarze, Helmholtz-centre for environmental research. “In the long term, but the miss sounds and hardening of the international relations, which have grown to jeopardize, the success of the climate conferences.”
climate summit in Katowice REUTERS world community is creating the screenplay for the world rescue
Despite these developments, is a surprising Coup in Katowice: Unanimously the climate change conference has decided on the rules for the world climate Treaty. All of the countries. The rules will take considerable pressure to stringent CO2-policy (read more here).
miss sounds were, however, crucial for the negotiations in Katowice. The rules may have been tied at the last Moment, when it was still possible.