At the end of the First world war, some of the seminal catastrophe of the 20th century. Century call, the realization that there can be no social justice, no world peace. So, the League of Nations in 1919 founded the International labour organization (ILO). Today, the ILO is a specialized Agency of the United Nations, with 187 member States.
For 100. Birthday presents the ILO on this Tuesday in Geneva an expert report. However, unlike in the case of such anniversaries is common, not the Commission had the mandate to look back. Instead, the 28 international experts of the “Global Commission on the future of work” to the front, including scientists, representatives of Oxfam, trade unionists, and Posted by employers looking. For a year she dealt with the consequences of climate change and of the digitization on the world of work, the status of gender equality or the protection of workers.
“We are today, in the face of fundamental and disruptive changes in the labour life, the impact on our societies, in front of one of the most important tasks of our time,” is the judgment of the Commission.
Artificial intelligence, and digitalisation will also create new jobs, such as the ecological restructuring of the economy and sustainable production methods. But you will also destroy jobs. especially, you will change the world of work fundamentally. The ILO sees it as “countless opportunities to improve the quality of working life” and to eliminate inequalities. But this will not happen by itself, without Action by the governments of the existing inequality and insecurity will grow.
in fact, have improved the conditions for workers worldwide in the past decades. The absolute poverty has declined significantly. By increased income of millions of people were able to escape the in-work poverty. More women earn money in the labour market. The children’s work is drastically reduced. It was at the founding of the ILO to 100 years ago only a few countries with social security systems, there are, today, in “most countries at least basic protection”.
But at the same time, two billion Workers in informal activities according to the report, is still not regulated, and unemployment in most countries is still high. The report stated, among other things, these abuses:
190 million people worldwide are unemployed, including almost 65 million young people. 300 million workers living in extreme poverty, because their daily wage is below $ 1.90. Millions of men, women and children are still victims of modern slavery. Women earn, on average, about 20 percent less than men. 36 percent of all employees worldwide work more than 48 hours in the week. The gap between the Rich and the rest of the population continues to grow.
The unsolved problems meet new challenges, and “threaten to exacerbate them”. Since the demographic change. In some regions, especially in the developing and emerging countries, a growing number of young, so that youth unemployment is on the increase and the migration pressure on the industry to exacerbate Nations.
the digitization prepares the experts. “If we leave the digital economy continues its current course, is likely to increase the regional and gender differences,” the report says. The digital platform of economy with new forms of employment, such as crowd working, could 19, without new rules, “the working practices of the. Century for the revival and future generations of digital hired servants,’ bring forth”.
especially in the industrialised countries, the ageing of the population is increasing and will be charged in addition to the Social and care systems. The creation of decent jobs, according to the experts, would be more difficult still. Therefore, they formulated an Agenda for the future of work with three hard points.
First of all, the experts call upon States to invest in human skills . You want to establish, among other things, a life-long Learning, to be able to the changes to the qualifications to adapt. Although increased labour force participation of women, but still three-quarters of all women from practicing in the world of unpaid care work. Therefore, the gender should be driven equality forward.
Because the world of work is through the use of new technologies, always flexible, is for the Commission, a universal social protection from birth to old age essential: “a basic social protection to all in need of a basic security features, and by contributory social security systems.”
in Addition, institutions of the work should be strengthened . Including the experts and understand the laws for the protection of workers as well as labor or collective bargaining agreements. They demand that any worker should be entitled to a “to cover the cost of living reasonable wage”, as well as maximum working hours and labour protection.
In the age of new digital business and employment models, the question of how the interests of many workers can still be organised. Therefore, the policy should promote the collective interest representation of workers and employers active. Because in the digital world, the possibilities of national States to their limits, should be developed an international System for the regulation of digital platforms, the you and your contractor is obligated to comply with certain minimum rights and safeguards.
Finally, in people and sustainable work invested worthy. About a fair tax policy and revised accounting standards company should receive stronger incentives for longer-term approaches to Investment.
The Commission of experts associating these claims with a strong warning to its member States: she was convinced that even 100 years after the founding of the ILO to peace and stability in times of upheaval is a long-term basis only by social justice. Without a plan of action, stated in her report, “we will be heading to sleep walking in a world that is characterised by more inequality, higher uncertainty and higher levels of exclusion and its devastating consequences for politics, society and economy.”