“My father thought I had done something wrong and had been deported because of it. He was angry at me,” says a young man who was deported at the age of 17 from Norway to Afghanistan.
The children’s rights organisation Save the Children gave him their report, “return to the Unknown” question – as well as 56 other European States returned children and young people.
The study, which was presented on Tuesday, paints a dreary picture of life, which is to lead the respondents in the cities of Kabul and Herat, since they were deported from Europe or voluntarily came back.
the young man who had fled to Norway had lived previously in Iran. In Afghanistan, he had never been. “My family was still in Iran. In Kabul I knew only someone of an auxiliary organization and a friend.”
let All the children Save the Children interview, were between eight and 18 years old, as you to Europe migrated. Most fled to Norway (17), Sweden (12) and Germany (9).
the staff of The international think tanks in the Samuel Hall, the organization commissioned the survey, the majority of the children to fill in the questionnaire, with twelve of them resulted in personal conversations. results Overview:
39 of 57 children and young people felt after their return, not sure. Ten young people were returned to Afghanistan. Only one of them said that European authorities had contacted prior to the deportation of his relatives there. Ten children said that someone had tried after their return, to win for the armed struggle, violence or other forms of Engagement in militant groups. Before the deportation 45 the children went to school, back in Afghanistan, there were only 16. Five of the respondents had no identity cards and documents, what could the school or the job search problem. Many returned either to the disappointed Relatives in their home community, where they did not feel welcome – or in a strange place in which they had no social networks. Eight of the surveyed children and adolescents have never been in Afghanistan, because they were born in Iran or Pakistan. Three-quarters of the Minors stated that they want to out of fear and lack of prospects again to escape.
The children and young people lived since their return to the cities of Kabul and Herat – in the rule for several months, and in some cases for several years. Some returned shortly after her 18th birthday. Birthday back from Europe, most of them were still underage.
the Taliban intensify attacks
For the study, were also entitled to 24 parents or education and 30 representatives of the Afghan and European governments as well as NGOs interviewed.
The life is in Afghanistan, not only for children is often difficult and dangerous, deportations, there are politically controversial. In the past few months, the radical Islamic Taliban to peace and the truce of rejected offers, and their attacks on the government, security forces, district and provincial centers strengthened. In addition, the terrorist militia “Islamic state committed” serious attacks.
No authority to collect Figures on how many deportees or returning children and young people in Afghanistan lived, writes Save the Children. For fear of the Stigma of not made to wear in Europe Failed, also all the families in your story public.
The results were due to the relatively small number of participants are in no way representative. They were, however, to illustrate the Situation of many Afghan children.
“The return of children to Afghanistan must be stopped. The country is one of the most dangerous countries in the world,” warned Meike Riebau, legal expert at Save the Children. The rights of children to protection, education and health care are not guaranteed.
It should be for returnees, a Plan for the Reintegration, calls for the organization. A Europe-wide procedure regulated in Return, a better monitoring and coordination with the Afghan authorities. The EU authorities are no longer felt with their arrival in Afghanistan, however, responsible for the children that would have been sent back.