If you are on early Wednesday evening, around 18 o’clock, politicians from the Federation and the länder in the hall of 1.128 in the Bundesrat building, the mood is probably just above the freezing point. On the program a meeting of the conciliation Committee, for the first Time in this legislature.

negotiations over a planned Amendment of the basic law. You should enable the Federal government to invest directly in education policy. So far, this was due to the so-called ban on Cooperation only in very few exceptional cases. The Amendment to the basic law-article 104c and 104d, it should make the exception to common practice and regular cooperation between the Federation and the länder in education policy.

The digital Pact school, at least 5.5 billion euros, would have been the first in a long series of shared investments – so it had requested the representatives of the Bundestag. The provinces saw this as a serious encroachment on their cultural sovereignty. According to the Bill, the Federal government is not likely to provide in the future, only money, but also in terms of content, in the formation of policy to influence – for some countries, the heads of a red line was crossed.

Originally, should flow, in January 2019, already the first digital Pact funds. But after all of the countries in the Federal Council refused in mid-December, with your approval, is the project on ice. The mediation Committee will now negotiate a solution to this unhappy Situation.

The most important questions and answers on digital Pact at a Glance:

What happens in the conciliation Committee?

In the conciliation Committee, 16 members of the Bundestag meeting on 16 representatives of the countries, in most cases, the Prime Minister and President sit at the table. Which group in the Bundestag sends as many of the participants, reflect roughly the distribution of seats: For the Union of six members to negotiate, the SPD sends three, FDP, AfD, and Left the two. For the Green, a representative. Last, the panel met in April 2017, then it went to benefits for asylum seekers.

In the first session, the participants will determine the Chairman. It is considered likely that the former Federal Minister of health Hermann Gröhe (CDU) will take on this task. Then the participants will designate a working group with skilled politicians, in this case, probably mainly from the educational and the financial sector, the cause of the substantive negotiations.

What is being discussed in the working group, is initially confidential. Interesting but it probably already is, who is negotiating with whom, outside of the regular meetings. In the case of so-called Side Events, smaller groups get together informally, in the corridors, in adjacent rooms or even on the phone. It is the actual wrestling and Haggling to reach a compromise.

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what is the output?

by 2016, announced by the then Federal Minister of education Johanna Wanka (CDU), want to billion in the digitalisation of schools. Now, an Amendment to the basic law should allow in addition to the digital Pact in the future, further financial assistance from the Federal government in education policy. A Two-thirds majority in the Bundestag and the Bundesrat is necessary, which is why the coalition government negotiated the first in negotiations with the Greens and the FDP a bill.

at the end of November to be voted in the Bundestag, all political groups, with the exception of the AfD of the bill. The countries, the paper would have in the Federal Council on the 14. December approve – but they voted against it. What had happened?

In the course of the negotiations of the passages were to enter the draft, which would be pushed open by some country representatives sauer: The countries should co-Finance community projects in the future half, in which he said, among other things, of which had never been the speech outraged some state politicians.

The FDP, however, insisted, to make the money to “quality and efficiency of education” – means The Federal government would now be allowed much say in more content. The opposition parties wanted to Finance in addition to Laptops and Internet connections, as well as personnel and training courses for teachers, in the eyes of many a Prime Minister to an undue intervention. In a newspaper article five country leaders fought back against the supposedly planned “unity school policy from Berlin”.

Who wants what?

Very roughly speaking, the line of Conflict runs between the parliamentary groups in the Bundestag on the one hand, and the countries on the other side, regardless of party lines. As has been made about the Bundestag group of the Greens in a close shoulder-to-shoulder with the FDP from the beginning for a comprehensive basic law Change. At the same time Baden-württemberg’s Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann (also Green) led the resistance against the project. In an Interview with Kretschmann described the amendment to the basic law as a “frontal assault on the Federal structure”.

Kretschmann, and his Minister of culture, Susanne Eisenmann (CDU) wanted to adopt the digital Pact school anyway without an Amendment to the basic law. Later, further investments should be negotiated. This Option is also now possible, it forms one Extreme of the negotiating positions.

comment on the dispute for amendment of the basic law: lands, not you, so The Federal government wants to give more money to the school system, and the fundamental law of change. Several countries are reluctant to hand over. You do not want to purely talk. Too bad, says commentator Klovert Heike.

The Bundestag parliamentary groups of the FDP and the Green party are calling for is in a rare show of Unity, to adopt the proposed change in the law in its current Form, it is a “door-opener for further cooperation”, – says the Deputy of the FDP parliamentary group leader Katja Suding.

The liberal ogle also by Federal countries-initiatives that would be through the Amendment of the basic law possible: A MINT-Offensive you could imagine as a kind of excellence initiative for vocational education and training, says Suding.

How long are the negotiations expected to be?

In this point – after all – they all agree: A rapid solution to. Finally, many schools have scheduled the money from the digital Pact. At the most concrete Marco Buschmann, who will attend as the Parliamentary Secretary for the FDP parliamentary group in the talks, commented: “We should have negotiated in the course of February, a compromise.”

Sam Yoon has many years of experiences in journalism. He has covered such areas as information technology, science, sports and politics. Yoon can be reached at 82-2-6956-6698.