The coal’s exit is one of the most crucial projects in the coming decades. Accordingly, it is important that it is planned in advance and implemented consistently. The competent Commission “growth, structural change and employment” has now been developed for the first time, a largely complete concept, such as the coal exit would expire.

the design for The master plan, the Commission intends to consult on the Friday closer, in front of the MIRROR already. The panel seeks, therefore, is a Balance between three key, long-term objectives:

It is, firstly, to make the Coal phase-out in the coming decades, a significant contribution to the reduction of the German CO2-emissions . It is, secondly, to control the structural changes in the German coal regions in the coming decades – specifically, in the Lausitz, as well as in the Rhineland, Helmstedt mining district and in the Central German area, where ten of thousands of Jobs, directly or indirectly, in the coal and to lose where also tens of thousands of people because of the mining your home threaten. And, thirdly, to secure the competitiveness in the long term. The power supply of an industrial nation, Germany needs to remain, despite Coal phase-out stable and affordable, and the Survival of the coal exit the affected energy companies is to be secured. At the same time, renewable energies are considered as important global market of the future; it is so important for Germany as a location appropriate skills.

How to reach the coal Commission, these different objectives now?

1. Climate protection

The Federal Republic of Germany has set itself the target of reducing its own emissions by 2020 compared to 1990 to 40 percent. By 2030 it is expected to be around 60 percent. Coal’s exit is to make a Central contribution to the 2030er-the goal in each case is reached and the time to implement by the end of 2020-target at least, as quickly as possible.

In 2016, issued Germany’s coal-fired power plants around 256 million tonnes of CO2. In the draft of the final report of the coal Commission, it is said that the plants are allowed to emit by the year 2030, only 84 to 92 million metric tons of CO2, if the climate goals are to be achieved. The corresponding sentence is still in brackets, is not so approved definitively by the panel.

Clearly, such A drastic CO2-reduction can only be achieved, if in the next twelve years significantly more coal-fired plants go from the network as previously planned. How many exactly, is not yet is final. At the appropriate Points, only data as [xx] are in the final report.

Commission members from the camp of the environmentalists, however, have repeatedly stressed that they want nothing to do with the final report only if it is sufficiently fast a sufficient number of coal-fired power plants to go offline. The main requirement, the compliance with the German climate targets for the year 2030.

2. Structural change

The measures for structural change are divided according to the Commission, in two time horizons. There is, first of all, rather current action , which can be implemented by the end of 2021. Part could be allowance an Investment to private investors to attract.

in the medium to long-term measures are to be regulated mainly on a so-called structure of law brown coal regions . In this specific projects should be listed and prioritized.

An important role in the improved connectivity of the coal regions surrounding economic regions plays from the point of view of the Commission. The Expansion of the digital infrastructure should be driven forward. The settlement of the Federal authorities, it is suggested that in the next ten years, around 5000 new jobs in the Region would be.

A total for the implementation of structural measures is not called. Insiders expect a total of a two-digit billion amount will be necessary.

Controversial is whether the report should be that of the embattled hambach forest in North Rhine-Westphalia and the still-inhabited villages in the brown coal can remain days to build. The hambach forest is a Symbol for the resistance against the coal energy.

3. Germany as a location for

in Order to strengthen the location of Germany as a whole, are planned a series of measures.

the Traditional electricity consumers such as households and smaller enterprises are to be relieved according to the Commission’s view, by reducing the network fees . These make for some of the consumers up to a fifth of the price of Electricity.

The energy-intensive industry in addition, permanently credited with the costs caused by the price of CO2 pollution rights, the coal-and gas – fired power plants must buy. The power companies pass on these costs to date to the consumer. The industry will be compensated for it already now, however, a corresponding provision in 2020. You should now be and, possibly, extended extended. Finally, the relief amounted to almost 300 million Euro per year. to avoid

the risk of black-outs , is to be tested, the security of power supply in the future even more closely, including through appropriate stress testing. In addition, the approval of the environment to gas-fired power plants more environmentally friendly will be accelerated. Also, some coal power plants for power-poor times to stand as a Reserve ready – perhaps about the end of the Coal phase-out.

The exit to be concerned energy companies for the Decommissioning of their power stations will be compensated. The compensation should be “appropriate” and closures up to 2030, include it in the draft of the Commission. The older a brown coal-fired power plant is, the less should be paid.

The Commission suggests the use of the amount of compensation to in the past amounts paid. Once brown coal plants for the climate have been taken for protection from the mains, and a Reserve is converted. At that time, around 600 million euros per Gigawatt of power have been paid. The coal exit would be expensive: The network of coal are power plants with more than 40 gigawatts.

for the stone charcoal kiln there should be a compensation. Since these plants yield less return, is planned to be a set-aside premium via a tender. This could be simplified to work like this: The Federal government specifies how much capacity is to be decommissioned. On power plant operators can apply demands for compensation. Who demanded the least compensation or the most CO2 by switching off one part, the contract is awarded.

the competence of the Federal Republic of Germany to strengthen in the future market of renewable energies , including new research facilities in Cottbus (BTU) and in the Rhineland (RWTH Aachen University) for a so-called Power-to-X technology, geothermal energy and energy storage in the conversation.

Monitoring of the Coal phase-out

In the years 2023, 2026 and 2029 are to be subjected to the action of the Coal phase-out “a comprehensive Review by a panel of independent experts”, in order to, where appropriate, to control.

With Material from Reuters

Sam Yoon has many years of experiences in journalism. He has covered such areas as information technology, science, sports and politics. Yoon can be reached at 82-2-6956-6698.