The increase since the nineties, is enormous: The number of private schools in Germany has risen from 1992 to 2017 by 81 percent, according to the Federal Statistical office on Tuesday.
Thus, every eleventh pupil is now a private school. 25 years ago, there were still 4.8 percent. The share of private schools at the General education schools has increased in the period from 4.5 percent to eleven percent.
In recent years, growth has slowed somewhat. In comparison to the previous year, the Figures rose only by 0.1 percentage points in the proportion of these Pupils, and 0.2 percentage points in the proportion of schools.
In each of the länder, there were significant differences in the proportions of private students. The span ranged from 4.3 percent in Schleswig-Holstein up to 14.4 per cent in Saxony.
education researchers are still searching for the reasons for the increase. Parents associate certain expectations with private schools, says Christa Katharina Spieß German Institute for economic research in Berlin (DIW). If these are met, there is so far no long-term representative studies.
The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung had commissioned a study, which compared the cognitive performance of pupils in private schools and public schools. It was found that students with a similar social Background, similar good results. Private schools, therefore, are not per se better than public.
More on the topic of performance comparison of 67,000 students in private schools are better than public
However, students provide to private schools overall better. This is due to the composition of the student body: The percentage of children from educated families in private schools higher than public schools – and these groups are generally more powerful.
remains Open so that a skewer, according to whether the students would have in the long term, other advantages, or disadvantages, such as, for example, when starting a career, or in the case of the development of wages. Here it is missing at the relevant research.
it is Clear, however, that private schools exacerbate the Problem of social division. DIW researcher skewers, together with two colleagues, examined last year, on the Basis of the socio-economic panel, which homes the private students come primarily.
Many private students from Academic households
Therefore, the education of the parents plays both in the west as in the East German länder a greater role for the private school use. In East Germany 23 per cent of all students from academic parental homes to go to a private school, in West Germany, nearly 17 percent.
private school pupils are also financially better. From the spit-study, it appears that you have to hold significantly more likely to be in households with high income live as a student in the public schools. In Eastern Germany the difference, therefore, is particularly high: Only five percent of the families of private students in need of state support, such as Hartz IV. In the case of the students in the public schools-20 percent.
From this data, but it is not possible to generally conclude that these parents want to make their children’s private school attendance in General. Because in rural regions of Eastern Germany, there is a shortage of supply. Here, the private schools are compensated according to the skewer part of the Problem is that public schools are too far away from the place of residence.
The educational researcher put in perspective: “There are many other sites of Segregation.” After all, almost 90 percent of the pupils go to public schools. You want to take of the problem of social division, there were also other points in the field of education. Spit research for this reason, not only to private schools, but also daycare centers, or the question of who takes private tutoring.