Editorial of the ” World “. If the result of the elections in bavaria on 14 October is a political earthquake in Berlin, at the scale of Europe, already so much shaken in the last three years, it could be interpreted as a replica. It would be wrong, however, to minimize the magnitude : because germany is Germany, because it has, since the post-war, constituted a pole of stability, because it plays a critical role within the european Union, this replica is of considerable intensity.
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But it would be equally wrong to see only the negative aspects of such a jerk. Three key lessons can be drawn from the election of the regional state of Bavaria. The first relates to the collapse of the traditional parties : the christian democrats of the CSU, a partner of the bavarian CDU of Angela Merkel, to accuse a historic fall of 10.5 percentage points compared to 2013, although they remain in the lead with 37.5% of the votes ; the social democrats of the SPD continue to, them, their descent into the underworld, as in France, Italy or the netherlands, and pass under the bar of 10 per cent (9.7 per cent). It is a phenomenon that has become familiar in Europe.
The triumph of the Green
the Second major trend : the ascension announced for the young extreme right-wing party AfD (Alternative for Germany), which has altered the political landscape beyond the Rhine. With 10.2% of votes, it does not score a triumph, but it now sits in 15 of the 16 regional Parliaments.
the Third teaching : the triumph of the Greens, who came second with 17.5% of the vote. This is, without doubt, the lesson is the most interesting – and most positive – of the poll. Young people, strongly pro-european, pragmatic and open, the Green bavarian conducted a campaign smart and proactive, under the guidance of a young woman, 33 years old, Katharina Schulze. Their success goes far beyond the growing concern of the German society with respect to the ecology ; it reflects the desire of another way of doing politics and the search for new ways to resist the rise of populism and extremism.
The policy is not dead. The participation rate is particularly high (72 %), 14 October in Bavaria, shows that the exercise of the right to vote remained an instrument of civic choice. The weakening of the government parties, which have lost their identity in weary compromise of coalitions, for the benefit of movements such as the AfD or the Greens who, themselves, display their beliefs or their projects, as markers with their identity, can also be interpreted as a desire of repolitisation of the electorate.
This repolitisation pass by the offer of a real alternative to populism and extremes. The electoral successes of the Greens on the same day in Belgium and Luxembourg, confirming a trend already registered in march 2017 in the netherlands, or, in another form, the victory of Emmanuel Macron and running !, in France, last year, are part of the same dynamics, declined differently according to the national specificities.
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At the center of this dynamic is the struggle for or against democracy, open societies, and the european project. It is to defend that an event giant in a pluralist was attended by more than 200 000 people, Saturday, in Berlin, on the eve of the election, bavarian. Germany is in turn launched in this historic battle. Has an eight months european elections are crucial, it is a good news.