There is a serious suspicion in the room: the Frankfurt police to have a Chat to the extreme-right slogans and pictures sent to you. Perhaps the officials have to do with a Drohschreiben, which has received the criminal defense lawyer Seda Basay-Yildiz in August. Thus, one of the accused persons from the service computer from the private address of the lawyer, should have queried, in the threatening letter.
Internally, the case sparked horror. “If there’s something it should be, then the types have been much too long in the police. The are no policemen in my eyes,” said a Frankfurt main Commissioner of the MIRROR. And another investigator added: “If really police officers drafted this Letter, or have participated, include the terminated and locked up.” Frankfurt police President Gerhard Bereswill announced a “hard line” against officials of his authority, which stood on the ground of the Constitution.
The only question is: How many are there?
There are about 250,000 police officers in Germany, the Westphalia, the most in Bavaria and North Rhine -, the least in the Saarland and in Bremen. How many so-called law enforcement officers do, however, currently in Germany, nobody knows, because they are spread over 16 States and the Federal government.
there are differences not only in the size of the police forces, but also in the requirements – and this applies not only to the type of patrol car: economic detective of the Federal criminal police office and a willingness to policeman of the police of Brandenburg not as a rule have much more in common than their job title.
you Can the state be trusted?
It is therefore not easy to approach the question of how the right of the German police. But it is important: As a holder of the state monopoly on violence, police officers have to meet special requirements. The citizens transferred to you, the officials, the sovereignty of weapons and coercive measures.
you need to be sure that the police, equipped with these privileges, to the free democratic basic order. In addition, the Institution of the police enjoys a high Reputation in Germany, eight out of ten German trust a Forsa-survey of the state power. You can do this? (Click here to read the protocols of police officers to the security situation.)
again and again, police officers have noticed in the past few years, with racist or right-wing extremist Statements or actions.
officials from Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, mingled in dubious chat groups, against whose members, even the Federal government determined advocacy because of terrorist suspicion. Members of a special operations forces found it apparently amusing, for a use of a colleague under the name of the right terrorists of the “Uwe Böhnhardt” in a list. Most recently, students from Saxony, made a police of racist messages in a chat group of trainee officials to the public.
In the police, it’s mostly that she was a mirror image of the society. But that’s not entirely true.
Political attitudes of police officers? Little
explores “The police is a law and order organization,” says the Zurich-teachers criminologist Dirk Baier. The result is that you wear those, “the authoritarian way of thinking.”
other criminologists confirm his Thesis. “Police officers are predominantly supporters of the SPD and the CDU”, the Hamburg-based researchers Rafael Behr. “Left you can find as well as not.” The police is a “conservative Organisation”. This is not wrong in principle. “Because it also means that it’s not reliable,” says Behr.
The General Problem of the research is that you have to know about political attitudes and views of police officers little. There are hardly any studies that deal with the great question as to the right of the German police. This is not so much the fact that scientists, for the subject is not interested, than with the fact that the authorities do not want to open such an investigation.
“Any Offence of such a perpetrator to confirm the picture of the criminal refugee,”
Currently, there is no “social pressure” to investigate radical right-wing attitudes of police officers, criminologist Behr. He was convinced that the police as an organization is extreme right. At the same time, but it was not a question on the extreme right, police officers are only individual cases. “Such ideas from spreading, and in familiar small groups, such as within a service.”
A relatively small study in North Rhine-Westphalia, the police came to students this summer to the result that the racist positions of the budding civil servants decreases in the course of their three years of training. With the change in the service, these positions increased again. “This could indicate a kind of practice shock,” says researcher Baier. “In the everyday work of the policemen are confronted with violence and aggression emanating from migrants.”
This could activate feelings of resentment, especially if, for example, with refugees a particular social group standing very much in the focus of the debate. “Any Offence of such a offender then confirms the image of the criminal refugee. It occasionally gets the impression that finally, something had to be done,” says Baier. In the Frankfurt case the accused official knew in one area of service, to include the large urban Hotspots – dealers and aggressive disco-goers, including.
However, police officers came mostly from higher educated social Milieus, and have often had sheltered childhoods, says Baier. “These are factors that reduce a General susceptibility to xenophobic Beliefs,” said the scientist.
The police gird on
Better than the individual views of police officers, the question of whether the Institution of the police is racist, and whether the appropriate rules, regulations, instructions, lead to attitudes of the individual are, inevitably, acts of the apparatus is examined. “An institutional xenophobia at least, it is according to my perception,” says sociologist Behr.
Nevertheless, he recognizes a development in the police: “the Trend to authoritarianism and order can think. Since the nineties, there was a time of democratization, participation, flat hierarchies. This is over,” says Behr. “The police Department is developing a Law-and-Order authority. You upgrades is enormous.”
As a problematic researchers consider the effect of Chat-groups among police officers. In many cases, which has recently become public, it went to radical Expressions in the virtual communication. Him the typical Radicalisation remember how they appeared in other extremism areas, researcher says Baier. “Chat groups are Echo chambers. They send messages to each other, the strengths of one’s own view. Different information be noted.” So extreme orientations could become entrenched.
“worried about Me a lot,” says a senior police officer from the North of Germany. “I have the impression that these Chat-groups often act as a particle accelerator.” His colleagues fired there for each other with a mixture of vulgarity, half-truths and lies – the steeper the Thesis, the bolder the breaking of the taboo, the bigger the cheers of the community. “I am appalled at how many Links to Russian Propaganda-pages of some of my colleagues share,” the authorities chief.
An investigator from the West of the country says: “I’ve given up on that now, to all the Filth in our colleagues-WhatsApp-group. However, they do not come.”