The blows struck against the diesel for a few years seem to finally bear fruit. According to the latest figures published by Insee, the number of passenger cars rolling with this fuel in France has declined in the last year. While 19,90 million passenger cars diesel were in circulation in 2016, 19,85 are accounted for in the following year, a decline of 0.2%. In front, the gasoline-powered vehicles is increasing for the fourth consecutive year, 12,26 million in 2016 12,66 million in 2017.
This change marks a first for the institute to measure this type of statistics, in 1990. At the time, 3.5 million passenger cars were running on diesel in France. The ten million mark was reached in 2001, one of the fifteen million in 2007, and this number is close to twenty million since 2013. The year 2017 marks the stop of nearly 30 years of constant rise.
Side utility light, however, the trend is upwards: of 5.70 million diesel vehicles in 2015, the park is passed to 5.80 million in 2016 and 5,88 million last year. In contrast, gasoline vehicles continue to decrease in this category, 312.000 2015 265.000 in 2017.
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This observation of Insee shows a background trend scrutinized by professionals in this sector since several years. In its latest report, the Committee of French manufacturers of automobiles (CCFA), is thus that in 2017, “the market share of new passenger cars equipped with a diesel engine has continued its sharp decline, or -28% compared to the record of 2012”. Its president, Christian Peugeot, stresses the “decay brutal” of the diesel, and cited as explanations of the fraud as the “dieselgate”, and “restrictions of movement”.
Already, by the end of 2017, the diesel had fallen to 47.3% of registrations of new passenger cars, an evolution on the long term which has passed under the bar of 50% for the first time since the year 2000. In 2012, the diesel accounted yet three-quarters of the market automobile French. A dominant position has steadily eroded since.
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“The price of fuel will continue to increase,”
there are Several reasons for the decline of the diesel. First, the executive has substantially increased the taxes on the fuel: with an increase of 10% by the end of 2017, the tax on diesel is progressing more quickly than that of the super. In recent weeks, the rise in fuel prices has also attracted a grumbling, more and more visible in the drivers. However, the situation is expected to worsen for motorists, the minister of Transport who reported that the price of fossil fuels would “continue to increase”. Elizabeth Merely had announced a “catch-up continues” between petrol and diesel, adding that the tax on the second would increase the “7 cents”. In some stations, the price of diesel has already surpassed that of gasoline.
Then, the recent scandals, including that of the dieselgate that broke out in 2015, have undermined the reputation of the diesel. Similarly, the latest findings on the harmful effects of diesel on health, contributed to the loss of consumer confidence: “the diesel generates ultra-fine particles […] which are not filtered even on the newer vehicles,” explained and Pascale Chavatte-Palmer, of the national Institute of agronomic research (Inra), in 2016.
Finally, the commitment of many elected officials, at different scales and across Europe, to ban diesel vehicles has also played in the balance. In February, the federal administrative court in Leipzig has thus established a jurisprudence significant in confirming that the German cities that wanted to could ban diesel in their streets. In France, the climate Plan worn by Nicolas Hulot provided for the completion of the sale of diesel vehicles and gasoline for 2040. At the time, the minister of the ecological Transition and solidarity had championed a “revolution […] which is also an agenda for public health”.
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Asked at the Meeting, Édouard Philippe has listed the incentives put in place by the executive to “accompany” the French, to a change of vehicle. “This is what this majority when it develops the premium to the conversion, the check energy,” he explained. Put in place on January 1, premium conversion allows a motorist who leaves the diesel to receive up to € 2,500 for its new vehicle which is the rate of CO2 do not exceed 130g/km. The measure is expected to cost approximately 700 million euros in five years. These checks can add a “bonus écologique” to maximum of € 6,000. According to the CCFA, the French are moving slowly but surely toward hybrids and electric cars. The power today represents 1.2% of registrations of passenger cars, compared to 3.9% for the hybrid. Their respective rates were close to 0% at the beginning of the decade 2010. “The French market is the second biggest market for western european car to electric power” behind Norway, underlines the committee.
The government also invites the French to make greater use of public transport, such as trains or buses, to avoid using a private car. As pointed out in Figaro a few days ago the ceo of 40 million motorists, Pierre Chasseray, public transport remains underdeveloped in rural areas, leaving little alternative to the French. Similarly, populations with lower purchasing power have suffered from the rise in fuel prices without necessarily be able to redeem a vehicle. In the Face of increases, individuals are increasingly mobilizing: a petition requesting a “decline in fuel prices at the pump” has gathered almost 300,000 signatures on Change.org.
Diesel : the wrath of motorists – Look on Figaro Live