brush up on 56 years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, want Germany and France their relationship a little. On Tuesday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron in the coronation hall of the Aachen town hall, the so-called “Treaty of Aachen”. On the same day the 16-page paper is to be ratified by both parliaments. “We want to give impetus to the European integration,” said Merkel at the weekend. Answers to the important questions:
What does the Treaty at the Élysée?
With the Élysée Treaty, ending the German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer (CDU) and French President Charles de Gaulle on 22.January 1963, the so-called ideas of hereditary enmity between Germany and France. The two countries are thus the most important partners in Europe. You write a consultation mechanism: periodically, the government will meet representatives from both countries.
Foreign, European and defence policy will henceforth be agreed with each other. As a concrete results of the German-French Council of Ministers, founded the German-French youth work. In addition, exchange programs and city partnerships, a joint University and bilingual kindergartens have since been promoted.
in 1988, will be added to the contract under Chancellor Helmut Kohl and the French President, François Mitterand. A common financial and economic Council will be established, an environmental and cultural Council and a defence and security Council.
Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron
What are the innovations of the Treaty of Aachen?
The agreement “on German-French cooperation and Integration” is designed to complement the Élysée Treaty, and “a new level”. Germany and France formulate, for the first time specific goals and plans to their implementation:
Germany and France want to coordinate their positions in Brussels in the future close to each other and in front of large European Meet on a regular basis “to hold consultations at all levels” . An important point is the creation of a Franco-German economic area is , the bureaucratic hurdles between the two countries to dismantle. A “Council of economic experts”, with ten independent experts. A closer working on health care and electro-mobility in the border regions. The so-called “Euro-districts” to receive a cross – border basis may be adapted to laws and administrative regulations, the expedited procedures in both States. For the cross-border cooperation, there should be a separate Committee. Also important is the military cooperation , which had in the past always disagreements. Germany and France want to develop for the first time, common rules for arms exports . Germany had imposed a ban on Exports to Saudi Arabia, while France provides weapons to Riyadh. Both sides assure also assistance “in the case of an armed attack” on one of the two countries, also with military means. Germany and France strive together for a permanent German seat in the UN security Council .
A parallel developing new Parliament, the agreement also provides for the first time, a “ parliamentary Assembly” . 50 deputies of the Bundestag and of the Parisian national Assembly should meet twice a year to the public. This point, however, is not part of the Aachen Treaty.
What is the contract for the citizens?
citizens ‘ initiatives and city partnerships are in future to be from a common citizens Fund encouraged. On what Budget can access, but it is not yet known. In addition, School and educational degrees should be recognized in the future easier, and dual degree programs to be promoted. For students, it should also give more incentives to the respective foreign language learning . Ever fewer German students speak today French. In the border regions of bilingualism should be promoted.
How did the Treaty of Aachen?
In his speech at the Paris University of Sorbonne, President of Macron suggested in September 2017, a new agreement with Germany. It should be a sign of stability, a Symbol against the crises in the EU.
Macron wanted to show it to him with the promise of a “Refoundation of Europe”, ernst, for his presidency. Up to the 22.January 2018, the ambitious Plan, should be in the contract.
the promise of The miss long, like so many of the Europe-Macrons. Finally, the Treaty was postponed for a year, on the 22. January 2019.
How is the mood in France?
The contract arrives in France to a turbulent time. The protests of the yellow West is not tear – although Macron had only recently started a dialogue with the citizens. Again and again they are demanding the resignation of the President. On Facebook, the movement Fears stoked in front of a sell-out of France by the Treaty of Aachen and called for a Referendum before signing it.