The certificate issued by the Organisation for economic co-operation and development (OECD) and the EU on Wednesday for Germany, is ambivalent. The scientists have to say in a new study, how well immigrants are integrated through education and work.
The researchers attest to Germany on the one hand, “significant progress” and, contrary to some tendencies in the public debate, it is clear that the vast majority of immigrants in Germany is well integrated.
on the Other hand, they point to a number of fields in which Integration is to succeed: in schools, in vocational training and in the recognition of labour market qualifications.
“grow Together” – a study on the Integration of ZuwanderernVom who originated the study? The Organisation for economic development and cooperation (OECD) and the European Union (EU) have created the investigation together. Account was taken of the 36 member States of the OECD and the currently 28 EU countries. What data were used? It is data collected by the statistics authorities in the respective countries and transmitted. In addition, our own surveys such as the Pisa-studies of the school were included services. The results are representative? Yes, the data base is so large that the results are representative. They relate in order to around 128 million migrants in the OECD area, and 58 million people with a history of Migration in the countries of the EU.
Germany is not considered by the authors of the study as a classic immigration country, but to the group of “long-term target countries”. For this reason, the scientists in the study have also distinguished between first-and second-Generation.
The main results for the first-Generation immigrants :
in General, immigrants in all countries studied, are often found at the Ends of the education and qualification of scale: they are Often compared to non-immigrant either particularly well or particularly poorly trained. The Germany-based immigrants are more likely to the group of low-skilled, but are often particularly long in the country: “the majority of The adult immigrants, almost 70 percent, lives in Germany, already for over ten years,” the authors write. More and more immigrants are in employment, thus the unemployment rate in this group is almost twice more than among the Born in Germany. “Immigrants feel in Germany to a similar degree as in this country-Born,” reads the report. The proportion of migrants who feel Germany in “closely associated” or “very closely”, is just three percent below the corresponding value for non-immigrants.
Here, the authors nominate a decisive reason, when Integration can succeed: “In Germany, the origin of the qualification is especially important.” Any person who acquires as a Migrant with a German education, has significantly better chances on the labour market.
Because at the same time, many foreign degrees are not or only reluctantly acknowledged, are overqualified EU, many of the immigrants in their Jobs, the number of high-skilled immigrants who are unemployed or on a significantly lower Level of work, 5.5 million migrants.
In Germany relates to the 31 percent of the especially well-educated immigrants, but only 16 percent of the native-Born. In the case of immigrant women, the rate is 35 per cent higher than for men (28 percent).
A large majority of the population in the Integration, the focus is not on formal qualification, but much more on the Learning of the language and to the same values. About 55 percent of Germans consider it “extremely important” that migrants adopt the local habits of life; more than 50 percent of the country’s language is crucial.
The main results for German-born Teens improved with immigrant parents :
The school performance of 15-year-old immigrants in the second Generation between 2006 and 2015. This performance increase was more than twice as large as in the case of children with native-born parents. Nevertheless, these pupils about the Pisa Test is particularly bad – within the EU, only the values in France are even worse. “The level of education of young people with immigrant parents is still significantly below the comparison group”, – stated in the evaluation. Quite well Germany is in the international comparison, when it comes to the rate of young people in education, employment or training-a number that is around 10 percent in about the same level as Canada and Switzerland. Negative leader is Spain, with a rate of more than 30 percent. More on the subject of Worldwide comparison, Germany supports refugee children Unicef study in Germany in doubt in the case of equality in education only in the middle of survey of young people in education and justice
another finding of the statistician stresses the need for a better Integration: second-Generation immigrants participate less in elections than those Born in Germany without immigrant parents – and this difference is also above average in size.