Who is chasing most of the Jews out of the city? The manufacturer applied to “Jews out” as “extraordinarily cheerful and contemporary society game”. The players roll the dice in turn, train by train by combing wood police doll in the streets. If you land on a field, such as “Salomon, a loan of money” or “Jacob, costume rentals” may collect a Jews, represented as cones with a grotesque Grimace. But the Reaver can steal the loot each other.
the goal is to push as many cones through the six city gates and on to a collecting place. “On to Palestine!” on the a side of the game Board and on the other the rhyme: “if you, six Jews out to blow up / you’re a winner, without asking”.
In the autumn of 1938, the company Günther & co. of Dresden, brought this 50 times 60 centimeter-sized Board game on the market. However, even the SS wasn’t “plump the anti-Semitic combination of” catch the hat “and” Mensch ärgere dich nicht!. Thus, the SS-battle blade wrote “The Black corps” of 1938: “This ‘invention’ is an outright criminal worthy of incidence, perfectly suitable to pour water on the Hetzmühlen of the international Jews journalists.”
was established In what edition of “Jews get out”, is not backed up. Fixed: The Board game belonging to the Taste, what the game industry were produced in the “third Reich”.
GröFaZ is of the essence to the nursery
And it produced plenty of: Immediately after the seizure of power by the national socialists, the industry flooded the market with brown products. Whether as a Hitler-Puzzle, leader of the Quartet, or speech, oscillating Elastolin-males: With the Power of the GröFaZ insisted to German nursery.
Soon flaunted swastikas on whistles and balls, flutes and wind turbines, pocket mirror and pencil spitzern. Board games such as “Through struggle to victory” and “The victory run of the swastika” should inspire children in a playful way for the Nazi policies.
With a steel helmet under the Christmas tree (1938)
in Addition, tanks, war ships and army huge doors scraping throngs of Uniformed on the floors. “It is over with the stupid pacifist Rush of the so-called peace societies and women’s leagues against everything military toys”, cheered in 1933, the Association of the German tin figures manufacturers.
“peace forest” with moving right Arm
In their zeal followed the game were the manufacturer of any command from the top – you were a volunteer in the service of the Nazi cause. “After 1933, the since the global economic crisis battered the industry tried to make use of the national swash commercially,” says the Dresdner historian André Postert in a daily conversation.
Although the Bulk of the game was were in the “third Reich” without a direct Nazi reference. Nevertheless, smaller companies with all sorts of Nazi products were early adopters just so Postert, author of the book “children’s game, gambling game, war game”. Also, the larger of biederten the NS-Regime, in order to increase their sales.
DISPLAY André Postert:
children’s game, gambling game, game of war
Great history in small things, 1900-1945
dtv publishing company; 400 pages; 26,00 Euro.
the doll maker, Käthe Kruse was in the summer of 1933, with three Nazi models. “More relevant than ever,” was the advertising slogan for the doll young “peace soon”, either as a SA man or Hitler youth-needless to say, with a movable right Arm.
The could scare a brown cuddly terrorist from the house of Steiff to the Hitler salute in the amount of: The company manufactured the SA-felt character with Googly eyes and button in the ear until the spring of 1934.
for the SA-puppet
Then the show was. A near representation, according to the Württemberg state ban on trade licensing office, the SA doll with the note that it was suitable “to hurt the feeling of the Dignity of the national symbols”.
self-irony, was not the cause of the Nazi fanatics – they were meticulously careful not to be a source of ridicule. So the Regime cashed in hundreds of products, with which the ailing toy industry out of the red wanted to come. They fell to the so-called Anti-Kitsch act of 19. May 1933, to the victim.
It said the silly SAT-jumping jacks, as well as the innocuous Hitler-coloring picture: do Not think that a child is denigrated accidentally the face of the “leader”! The verifiers controlled, each product in the national interest socialists, according to the Postert not much for toys: The German youth should prefer steels their muscles in Sport than a Puzzle to ichlichen.
lead soldiers on the Christmas table
At the same time, was the Regime of the propagandistic value of toy to be well aware of: In the summer of 1933 the Ministry of Propaganda and public enlightenment on called, the game was still more than in the past “in the service of education to the military and Patriotic spirit”.
The Nazi ideologists put especially to war toys: In the future, it should be “a boy who finds on his Christmas table, at least a box of lead soldiers, which makes him with the Wehrmacht and the national idea”. The industry exulted; for the Christmas of 1935 the toy trade press reported a sales increase of 25 percent.
fanatic meets Santa Claus: Goebbels on PR-Tour in the warehouse
the Media were Hitler, Goebbels and Goering in the run-up to Christmas with children in Department stores scan, where they distributed gifts, heads, stroked, with Santa posing. The message: We love the kids, and the kids love us.
in Order to win the people for their cynical belief, orchestrated the Nazi Regime, was the beginning of the twenty years, almost forgotten: the Kasper. The puppet show was a “weapon, we can’t spare in this fight,” so in 1938, a publication of the KdF-Organisation. In the following year, was founded in Berlin the “Reich Institute for the doll game”.
from Now on, the punch that beat up the Marxists, the British Premier, but most of the Jews, shown to the lips as a devilish caricature with a gigantic hook nose, and a Bead. The figure was the work of the puppeteer, Harro Siegel. He had designed it out of fear of the concentration camp, right seal made after the war.
ghetto-Monopoly from Theresienstadt
While the children took delight in it, as the brown Kasper seal Jew-puppet thrashed, delivery in the Camps and the systematic mass murder. In spite of everything, people thought of there games they are witness to despair, as the will to Survive.
one Of these is the “ghetto Monopoly” by Oswald Pöck. 30. November 1941, the Jewish artist, was deported to Theresienstadt and was in the technical Department. On brown cardboard Pöck painted with fine lines, around the outside of the individual stations of the ghetto: the sluice, the “disinfestation”, yard, prison.
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The historian Postert, developed Pöck be Monopoly, probably, in order to facilitate the orientation in the camp. Whether he also invented a second, for Theresienstadt guaranteed game, is certainly not. Reported are the only rules of this Board game: Relentlessly, it focused on the struggle for Survival in a concentration camp.
Who gets on the fields, where he meets members of the family or a Post away, must jump forward – who gets lice or becomes ill, you must pause. Won by the player who lands on a game box no. 50, referred to as “Soph” (Hebrew for the end or conclusion).
But the probability of the longed-for rescue is low, The fields 48 and 49 are called “Transport”. A fate that befell the man who invented the game may: On 29. September 1944 was deported Oswald Pöck to Auschwitz and murdered.