parents Have a dangerous genetic disease, you can have the genome of your unborn children to examine. The cost for the treatment of up to 4,000 euros, you need to wear. The Minister of health, Jens Spahn (CDU) wanted to commit the change, and the health insurance companies to pay for the treatment. But his party is now against the plans.
To give the project it’s still in “discussions,” said Union leader Ralph Brinkhaus (CDU) in Berlin. Spahn announced, to Mature his plans at a later date.
investigations rejected on embryos to strict legal regulations in Germany are subject to. Only under special circumstances, an Embryo prior to the planting of all genetically may be examined; with the aid of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, in short, PID. Either there must be the risk of serious hereditary diseases or the high probability of a stillbirth or a miscarriage. PID ethics committees to decide in individual cases whether an investigation is allowed.
preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)What is it about? DPA In the method are taken from a in a test tube resulting Embryo one to two cells . It comes to examining their genome . The aim is, among other things, diseases that go on too many or too few chromosomes back. In the Down’s syndrome , the chromosome 21 is, for example, three times. Possible tests on a single mutated genes , which are, for example, for muscle wasting, pulmonary and metabolic diseases, or the blood disease. Procedure 1: diagnosis in blastomeres stage and this is the most common type of test are taken from the Embryo at the third day after fertilization in a test tube one or two cells for the investigation. The Embryo is at this time in the so-called blastomeres stage . That is to say, its four to eight cells are considered to be totipotent – each individual may develop in the uterus, even to a complete organism. Totipotent cells are equal according to the German embryo protection act of an Embryo. Method 2: diagnosis at the blastocyst stage, too, at a later time, a PID, in principle, still possible, for example, in the so-called blastocyst stage . Then, the Embryo consists of about 50-200 cells. The cells of the inner cell mass are considered to be pluripotent , which means you can develop in various tissues. The diagnosis at the blastocyst stage, had applied to the Berlin physician, whose case was brought before the BGH. Alternative: polar body diagnosis In this method, only the oocyte is examined and prior to the completion of the fertilization . In view of the polar body , resulting in the tire of the ovum. They contain a set of maternal inheritance . So that the mothers can, at least, of genetic material of the ovum, indirectly, on the chromosomes-incorrect distributions check. Paternal pre-existing conditions can not be investigated. Because in this method, no Embryo is manipulated, it is not contrary to the law of embryo protection.
the cost of The PID to a takeover by the health insurance companies should be regulated in the framework of the appointment service and pension law (TSVG). The thrust of criticism, because the amendment actually will be shorter waiting times in doctor’s offices. The revision of the PID within a appointment law, acting “under pushed” criticized the Union group, according to a report in the “world”. The working group health of the CDU/CSU-group, therefore, unanimously against Spahns plans.
representatives of the Church had positioned itself recently against Spahns projects. They accused the Minister, to the Change in a “parliamentary heave-Ho procedure” to implement.
“We’ll look at the rest,” announced brink house now. The project, to make the pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, in exceptional cases, to the Fund, will not be included in the schedule of service law, informed the Ministry of health. However, the topic should be called new, when the Federal Ministry of health national this year, a report on the experience with PID.