every Day, millions of people in Germany on the way to work. You wait at the Track on cars, squeezing in buses, stand in a traffic jam. Not infrequently, dozens of kilometres are between work and place of residence.
Germany is commuter country. Over the past decades, the number of commuters has increased. Meanwhile, 18 million people commute in the country. And their routes are getting longer: According to a study by the Institute for labour market and occupational research has increased the average commuting distance since the year 2000 to 21 per cent.
Many people are now forced to Commute. Because new Jobs are created, especially in the booming metropolises. But because of the number of apartments will grow accordingly, and many people get into the cheaper surrounding areas.
But the Move makes financial sense? The real estate research Institute F+B has looked at 24 large German cities into the MIRROR, examined the extent to which a move is worth it to the surrounding area.
the experts have compared the cost of housing in the countryside in the city. Then you have the cost of travel and time costs. “The data analysis can serve as a decision-making aid for Relocating and choice of residence to facilitate,” says Manfred Neuhöfer of F+B.
Out of the surrounding cities, which are well suited for Commuting, because you have a comparison to offer white cheap housing and good transport links (5-star). On the other hand, there are cities and counties that are poorly connected and have little, or no rent advantage (1 star).
the researchers studied The spherical distances between a metropolis and adjacent cities and counties. More distant cities, and counties not adjacent to a metropolis, have been taken into account, such as places with less than 25,000 inhabitants.
On the cards to see what Living in the countryside costs in comparison to the city area, how long commuters by car or train for the way into the city need and what are the costs. Select your city and click through the various Commuter towns in the territory, to explore the pros and cons.
In cities like Düsseldorf, Frankfurt and Stuttgart the following picture shows: In the smaller towns in the surrounding area are rental and purchase prices in the top up to 50 percent cheaper than in the core city, the travel times of links are thanks to good traffic is moderate. “Living in these large cities is often very expensive, therefore it makes often sense to move to more favourable surroundings, the well-connected,” says Manfred Neuhöfer project Manager of F+B.
However, municipalities are not always cheaper than the big cities. This is shown in the Ruhr area: the cities of Essen, Duisburg and Bochum the rental rates in surrounding areas are approximately often significantly higher than in the core cities. “These cities are considered to be structurally weak, the Elite prefers more living in the surrounding areas, driving local house prices and rents in the height,” says Neuhöfer. This is typically for heavy industrial regions.
Add to that: Many of the smaller cities outside the Metropolitan area, for example in Münster or the Sauerland region, are only connected with buses to the Ruhr area. Commuters have to take long ways. The Ruhr area is, according to the analysis of F+B, therefore, not for nothing is one of the most congested regions of Germany.
purchase price advantages in the region after
In the German commuter capital of Munich the Move is worth it, at least, is less and less. There, about 355 000 people lived outside the city limits worked to 2016. “The rising Rents and housing prices in Munich have not driven in the past few years, many people from the city, so in the meantime, the surrounding regions are really cheap,” says Neuhöfer. The purchase price benefits in the surrounding areas, with an average of only 30 percent. In contrast, the relatively short driving times to the city.
The commuting time is a factor that is often considered too little. Many people move into the countryside, because you can afford a bigger apartment or even a house with a garden. “However, the big disadvantage is the loss of life,” says Neuhöfer. More than one in four workers takes longer than half an hour to work. On a working life, the power calculated is more than a year Commute.
to determine the actual driving time, added the researchers from F+B, jam times, the card provider INRIX in the car driving times. The train services have returned to the delay data of regional transport associations. “The late charges from the traps, depending on the Region, very different,” says Moritz Leutner of F+B. Some of the surrounding areas, cut areas, due to high delays, weaker in the overall assessment.
In the case of the travelled routes there are within a Metropolitan region of great differences. The examples of two cities in Haan (about 30,000 inhabitants) and sacred house (about 27,000 inhabitants), both near Düsseldorf : In both cities, it is the Live shows to be considerably cheaper than in Düsseldorf. Also, the cost of the track with the car because of the similarly long routes close to each other. But the Haan is much better connected to public transport, there is a train station that comes in just under half an hour to düsseldorf main station. In Heiligenhaus, there is no train station, you have to use the bus service. “Our analysis shows that Haan is suitable for commuters is significantly better than the Holy house,” says Neuhöfer. Cities that have no train link, have been punished in the rating, because buses are, in most cases, for commuter routes are unsuitable, because they frequently end at the city limits.
Who has created the study?
F+B research and consulting for Housing, real estate and environmental matters for more than 25 years to large, independent research and consulting institutions in the housing and real estate market research, portfolio analysis and evaluation, as well as the urban and regional development.
The customer base of both housing and real estate companies as well as banks and building societies, cities/municipalities as well as Federal and state authorities. With nationwide market data, analyses and studies provides a F+B for more transparency about the increasingly diverging real estate markets and to ensure the stakeholders More decision-making certainty.
F+B out is, since 1996, the F+B-rent index index, the main empirical basis of the level of Rents in the housing stock. The F+B residential Index, as a combination of indices of all object types is presented since 2011 on a quarterly basis with a data series that goes back to 2004, and all German cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants recorded.
graphics: Dawood Ohdah, Chris, Kurt, Frank Kalinowski, Patrick Stotz