The first trip abroad for a head of state always has a special symbolism. In the case of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his led to the departure trip 2014 in the people’s Republic of China. There will also be security consultants Hamdullah Mohib traveled a few days ago. In Beijing he discussed with foreign Minister Wang Yi, as in the Hindu Kush for the long term stability could be achieved – and how the government of Xi Jinping it can help. Now, since the USA seem to want to pull thousands of troops from Afghanistan.
China is one of the largest trading partners of Afghanistan. Since August of last year, Beijing is helping to information of the “South China Morning Post” the Afghan security forces, to build a training camp in the Wakham corridor. The valley in the Hindu Kush extends right up to the border to China, the Xinjiang Region starts. The Afghan Embassy denied according to the paper, that Chinese soldiers would be stationed. But there are reports that, in the corridor of the Chinese units were spotted.
The Region of Xinjiang for the Chinese government is of particular importance. There, the Muslim minority, the Uighurs, oppressed by the government lives. Uighurs had been known to terrorist attacks such as in Beijing. The Chinese leadership has, in turn, built up a huge police and surveillance apparatus. About a Million Uighurs should be in re-education camps, internationally, people are criticized violations of the law. The concern of militant Islam in Central Asia could spread to Xinjiang, and Uighurs in the Taliban in the neighbouring country, radicalize, is a crucial driver of China’s engagement.
“security has become for the Chinese government to be a priority, not only in Afghanistan, but worldwide,” says Helena Legarda from the Mercator Institute for China Studies (Merics) in Berlin. “We are observing that you are expanding your influence in the field everywhere, from the military base in Djibouti, on a mediating role in various conflicts up to joint naval Exercises with other countries.” This is a significant departure from the previous foreign policy Maxim from Beijing: the non-interference.
Meanwhile, the Chinese leadership is also pushing for a reconciliation between Pakistan and Afghanistan. In mid-December last year, Minister Wang invited the outside of his counterparts at the three meetings. Then he announced loudly, “Frankfurt General newspaper”: “Afghanistan and Pakistan have agreed to improve their bilateral relations as quickly as possible.” He had already announced that China will try to resolve conflicts according to the “Chinese model”, and a greater role in securing global stability wanted to play.
Meeting the Taliban
“In the past few years, China has occurred again and again as a mediator between Israel and the Palestinians, Myanmar and Bangladesh, and the parties to the conflict in Syria,” says Merics expert Legarda. So far have led to no large results. “The leadership in Beijing is but clear that if you want to internationally claim an important role as a great power, you must also engage with more international – but without military conflict.” Multiple Chinese diplomats met with the Taliban leadership out of Afghanistan and peace processes have pushed.
Selfless dedication, in most cases, is not. Stability and security play for the Chinese Investments have an important role. Also, in order for the course to be in Afghanistan to explain: in China, its China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) on Afghan territory to expand, said former Pakistani Ambassador Qazi Humayun, the newspaper “Nikkei Asian Review”. The CPEC, which includes the construction of expressways and train services, is part of the gigantic infrastructure project “New silk road”, in the China more than $ 900 billion to invest. “If the Chinese government sends its citizens and companies for projects of the ‘New silk road’, they must be protected,” said Legarda.
The rapprochement between Beijing and Kabul is favored by the rate of Donald Trump. The US President is said to have instructed his defense Ministry, according to media reports, the troops withdrawal from Afghanistan. To be longer have been his Plan, meanwhile, geschasster defence Minister James Mattis had it can hold. Mattis was entered after the decision of the US President, all American soldiers from Syria, subtract, (read his Letter here in the text).
“The withdrawal of the United States on the international stage does not allow China more room, but that means that it fills this mandatory,” says Legarda. Beijing use the withdrawal of the United States, to show the world: China may be a superpower and take on responsibility.