Neither the current Bafög-rates for 2019 planned Funding amounts sufficient to cover the average tuition costs. A study by the Berlin research Institute for education and social Economics, which was published on Tuesday shows (the study can be downloaded as a PDF).
the difference between The Bafög-payments and the real cost is sometimes so big, “that the Bafög fulfills its purpose only limited,” says Dieter Dohmen, Director of the research Institute. The for the fall of 2019, the planned Reform will not change anything.
“While the increase in the Rate of 250 to 325 Euro is substantial,” says Dohmen, “however, many students are not able to Finance the recent strong rise in the Rent completely.” Also the announced increase of the Bafög-basic needs, from 399 to 420 euros to go to reality and back to stay behind the price development since the last increase in the fall of 2016.
The main findings of the study:
The average total expenses the students have risen, as well as the Rent between 2012 and 2016, by up to 55 percent. Expenditure for travel costs and health have doubled in the same period, in some cases even. Of the increases, especially low-income and younger students are affected .
are Due to the increases in “the cost of living is also low-income students almost always about the promotion of the highest rates of Bafög”, the authors of the study.
For the investigation on the formation of economists divided the students into categories, and their average living costs are determined. Thus, the expenditure of low-income, single living layers of the 2016 18-to 24-year-old students at an average of 800 Euro – 250 Euro, more than four years before.
for details on the StudieWer has commissioned the study? The study was given by the German Studentenwerk (DSW), the umbrella organisation of the studentenwerke at the high school sites. Was carried out by the Berlin research Institute for education Economics and social Sciences (Fibs). What data were collected? The Fibs-authors have already evaluated existing surveys, including data from the Federal Statistical office for the General price development as well as the 21. Social survey of the DSW. In the social survey data of over 55,000 students were taken into account. The calculations refer to the year 2016, but also contain a forecast of the price development for 2016 to 2019. What was the aim of the investigation? With the study, it should be checked whether the Bafög met his claim, the needy, allow students a materially secure study. The answer: This claim is, at best, to be redeemed in part.
the Biggest cost drivers in the Rent with an increase of 53 percent from 235 to 360 Euro. As a “particularly dramatic” refer to the authors of the study, that many students are screws at the same time the expenditure for food, recreation, clothing, and learning resources – here you see, apparently saving potential.
While the basic backup of nutrition run out of costs in the amount of 145 Euro, for students, for this purpose, in fact, often less than 120 Euro. Some of the respondents also have significantly less than the average 800 Euro. Would you part just 80 euros a month for food , so Dieter Dohmen: “This expenditure for nutrition are often so low that they are likely to be below the physiological subsistence minimum.”
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If the Federal government wants to create its announced reversal of the trend in the Bafög-support, not from the previous plans by Far, this is the conclusion of the researchers. In the forthcoming Reform in the autumn of 2019 it must, therefore, be “a significantly disproportionate increase”, calls for the Dieter Dohmen – otherwise, the Bafög was soon a effect of the Instrument.