in Spite of the spread of African swine fever (ASF) to West Europe, Germany remained so far from the disease spared. With the detection of the pathogen in Belgium, an increased risk, but Franz Conraths, Vice-President of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute for animal health (FLI) said. Migratory wild pigs could bring the disease. “The main risk factor for the spread of the person remains about the feeding or disposal of contaminated food stressed Conraths residues”,.
The swine fever Virus is harmless to humans, but pig farmers feared. The pigs and get a high fever, diarrhea, red eyes, and stop to eat. At the end of the course of the disease die, the animals almost always.
The Outbreak in Belgium, where so far, 135 dead wild pigs with the pathogen were discovered, is located only 60 kilometers from the German border. The disease finds in Poland and the Czech Republic, 300 or 400 kilometres away from the German border.
as a Preventive measure a large number of wild pigs shot
Due to the impending introduction of the disease hunters of wild pigs in the past hunting season, particularly heavily targeted. In the season 2017/2018 were killed, according to the German hunting Association 836.865 wild pigs and, thus, 42 percent more than in the previous year. This was the highest ever result achieved.
“hunters have played a significant part in the prevention of the African swine fever,” said the DJV Vice-President Wolfgang Bethe. The Association has called for, to reduce the risk of Transmission to railway stations, Parking lots, and border crossings, for example through a closable waste container in resting places of wild boar-proof fences.
Alarming Numbers from Eastern Europe
Even with the increase in the pig grows plague-evidence in Eastern Europe, the danger for Germany: by mid-December, according to the FLI in the EU and Ukraine more than 6500 cases of swine fever were registered in wild boars and domestic pigs. This represents an increase of more than 50 percent year-on-year.
the Alarming Figures from Romania. There, the authorities registered this year, more than 1100 of the EU-wide, around 1500 outbreaks in domestic pig herds. It was mostly Small positions of less than 100 animals, in which, apparently, contaminated food scraps were fed to the pigs.
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concern is The number of disease-affected EU member States has increased within a year with new cases of Hungary, Bulgaria and Belgium from six to nine. “It seems that we have to get used to it for a certain amount of time in the presence of the disease in Europe,” said Conraths. Worldwide, the disease continues to spread. As of 2018, reported the plague, China and Japan, cases of African swine.
But there is a first glimmer of hope. In the East of Estonia seems to be – with all caution – to calm the situation. “We observe that there are now more wild pigs with antibodies, and no more animals are found, in which the Virus is detected,” said Conraths. The antibody carrier are the animals that would have set the disease apart and survived.
However, yet unclear whether these antibodies protect the animals from a new infection, restricted to the expert. In addition, the disease could flare up again if the new regrowth of wild boar generations.
51 Kilometer-long safety fence
so Far there is no vaccine against the swine fever, which makes it difficult to combat. However, Spanish scientists of the first reports in the development of the vaccine with a live virus. “We look with great excitement to the studies of our colleagues,” said Conraths.
In the Video: African swine fever in Poland
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in a Confident voice, that in the Czech Republic since April of 2018, no infected pig was found. The Czech combat system with the establishment of the strictly sealed-off core zones and, therefore, the ring-shaped landscaped buffer zones has proven to be, according to the FLI so far as it is effective and serves as a “blueprint” for a possible outbreak in Germany.
The Federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a 51-kilometre-long electric fence to build, with the in the event of an outbreak, the core zone will be cordoned off to. “Actually, it is a miracle that we are still not affected,” said Mecklenburg-Vorpommern agriculture Minister Till Backhaus (SPD).