a top-level meeting on Tuesday evening in the Chancellery were removed important obstacles for the Coal phase-out of the way. The Minister presidents of the affected länder, the German Chancellor, the Minister of economy and Finance and the Co-heads of the competent Commission achieved according to several insiders, some of the breakthroughs.
The structural change in the coal regions should be regulated accordingly, especially on a so-called Action , which should be by the end of April, it said. This will include concrete projects in the affected provinces of new sectors of the economy and to create Jobs.
Among other things, to provide up to the year 2028, approximately 5000 new Authorities in the affected regions, including two specialist schools for the customs. In Lusatia, among other things, a new armoured brigade will be located.
In conversation with new research facilities in Cottbus (BTU) and in the Rhineland (RWTH Aachen University) for a so-called Power-to-X technology, geothermal energy and energy storage, as well as the Expansion of Railways.
measures act would have several advantages. Länder had a hedge that the Federal government pays for the structural change; and, the Federal government would have control of it, spent the money is flowing in meaningful projects. The Prime Minister had requested in the past, partly flat-rate, project-specific Structural support.
a prerequisite for the measures act is an ambitious exit plan. Commission members from the camp of the environmentalists stated that they would support such a scheme only if it is sufficiently fast enough coal power plants to go offline. The main requirement, the compliance with the German climate targets for the year 2030.
money from existing pots
The financing of the structural change projects wants to branch off the Federal government, largely from existing funding pots, said two Insider. How the funds can specifically convert, was not, however, yet been clarified in Detail. Also there were differences about what kind of support you pots could tap into. In the conversation, among other things, the Federal transport infrastructure plan, which governs New construction and Expansion of inter – regional transport routes in Germany.
The total cost of structural change have not yet been quantified in detail. Would result, ultimately, from the projects, which the law takes into account. Roughly, the costs are expected to be well above the 1.5 billion euros, the Finance Minister, Olaf Scholz (SPD) had promised to the countries originally to the year 2021 – but also under the 60 billion Euro demanded by the countries in December.
The government says the affected provinces on Tuesday evening, in addition, a quick help of 150 million euros, it said.
The four Prime Ministers had also agreed roughly on the division of Structural support , said two Insider. The state of North-Rhine to Westphalia get 35 to 37.5 per cent of the funds, the Lusatia region of 42.5 to 45 percent. The Rest of the money will be distributed to the rest of the affected regions. Negotiations to the last few percentage points still ran.
Because the carbon, the risk of rising current exit prices, wanted to use Scholz and German Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) in Brussels, in certain regions, so-called coal conversion zones be set up, said two Insider. You would have to say, even now, proposals to implement the Commission.
companies with a particularly high power consumption are to be enjoyed by such zones of special privileges, reduce your energy costs. One of these controversial privileges of the broad exemption for energy-intensive companies from the so-called EEG-levy on every electricity consumer contributes to the energy transition.
the fight for the exit
is Still contentious when exactly which power plant is turned off. According to the current state of the Negotiations for a solution are, however, indications in the case of the coal-fired power plants in East Germany by the year 2022, in whole or to a large extent on the network.
The Plan also has a political Background. The Federal government and the Prime Minister worry that the AfD will be strengthened by all-too-quick breaks in the East German länder. The Start of the Coal phase-out in NRW would also have the advantage that new clearances and protests in the hambach forest may be avoided. This had provided last fall for a lot of negative reporting.
the last coal-fired power plant from the grid and when in Germany, is still, however, unclear. The Opposition criticizes the. “If climate objectives are to be achieved, it needs an ambitious exit plan,” says a member of the Green Oliver Krischer. “The need to provide the Commission now.”
Green-Co-editor Anna Lena Baerbock calls on the countries in turn, the limit for the billions in aid the negative consequences of coal production stronger. More places due to the coal abzubaggern or about the hambach forest to chop down forests was not acceptable, she says to the MIRROR.