a Little time? At the end of text there is a summary.

In Heilbronn is a huge round hole in the ground there is just. On the common Campus of the Duale Hochschule Baden-Württemberg, the private Manager forge German Graduate School and the University of applied Sciences in Heilbronn are a number of cranes, it is hammered and drilled. From anywhere the construction noise penetrates.

It could be considered houses, a library, classrooms and an auditorium. And there, where the hole is, to get a canteen with a futuristic glass roof. The Campus needs to be larger, because the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is moving here. At least in part.

she has from Lidl – and the country-founder Dieter Schwarz of purchase to receive 20 endowed professorships, 13 of which come to Heilbronn, Germany – as the outside of the TUM. And it is no coincidence that the Dieter Schwarz lives in the city and the headquarters of Lidl and purchase country are just around the corner in Neckarsulm. The patron gives his home town as a University with world-class, whose graduates are to revive the Region.

since this winter semester, the TUM offers two master programmes, one of which is not free of charge, in the baden-württemberg town, 30 students are already enrolled. At the latest, in a year 1000 …TUM should be given to students here.

advertising for the TUM-Master

it Calculates expenses for endowed professorships, one comes quickly to a three-digit million amount. This is the largest collaboration between a University and a Foundation that ever was in the German educational landscape. While SAP co-founder Hasso Plattner donated to the University of Potsdam 20 years ago, hundreds of millions of D-Mark for the development of the Institute for Software engineers. However, even this sum does not come close to Dieter Schwarz’ Foundation.

controlled the research of economic interests?

critics such as the organisations Transparency International or the Portal high school watch watch in donations such as these a massive intervention in the German education system. They argue that German institutions of higher education make it increasingly dependent on external sources of funding, and research will increasingly controlled by economic interests.

Christian Kreiß sees it. Of Economics Professor from Aalen has even written a book about it. It bears the title “Bought research”. Circle says: “If the economy is financed science, then, it is clear that research in the rule, fair working conditions, ecological or sustainable transport routes or natural remedies.”

However, the influence of the economy on the science is really so big? According to the Federal statistical office, only 782 professors of foundations or private donors in the year 2017 paid – and the total 47.568 professors in Germany. This is 1.6 percent. For the first Time in years, the share of the Foundation professors of 2017 has fallen even.

Volker Meyer-Guckel, the Deputy General Secretary of the German pen Association, says that the influence of the economy is shrinking: “Large companies invest more and more abroad.” In addition, some companies shrink from the media coverage in this country: “When someone donates to the universities a lot of money and the media in the pillory, thinking of you, of course, if you do that again.”

third-party funding make up nine percent

Peter-André Alt, President of the German rectors ‘ conference, says the extent of the cooperation of universities and companies moving in a good frame. Third-party funds from the commercial sector or by private individuals make up about nine percent of the total research expenditure of German institutions of higher education. According to the Federal statistical office, 1.46 billion euros in the year 2016. In an international comparison, the right is little.

In the United States are donations to Colleges and universities has long been common practice. According to the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE), an international education Association, increased by the contributions of US universities in the year 2017, to 43.6 billion dollars, the highest sum since records began in 1957.

The biggest winners in the elite schools are, as a report from the German Academic exchange service. Topping the list of Harvard University with $ 1.28 billion, followed by Stanford University ($1.13 billion) and Cornell University (743,5 million US dollars). Since the last decade, more and more universities and companies are cooperating, according to the DAAD in addition to each other, for example, in the Silicon Valley and the Region around Boston.

Also, the Munich-based President of tum, Wolfgang Herrmann, companies could still put a lot more money in the education: “higher education institutions are financed in Germany, the chronic, why not take the money out of the economy with the same values?”

Herrmann don’t mind that the Dieter-Schwarz-Foundation donated only economic professors, but for sociology or political science. The faculty of Economics was founded only 16 years ago at the TU, she is the faculty which is growing at the TU is the fastest. Here soon 57 economic professors will be in use, 20 of which are paid for by the Foundation. This example alone shows in the Small, how very the education landscape leg can influence.

Herrmann sees no Problem here, because with the money he earns through paid Master of the TUM, he wants to modernize the University, the language centre is to expand young scientists Fund. He also says that he wants to expand the Humanities and social Sciences. Herrmann doesn’t mind that the Dieter-Schwarz-Stiftung pretending to research in the fields of digitisation, family business and SME.

Konstantin grain from the portal hochschulwatch.de looks the critically. He warns against a too great influence of the Foundation: “The poor working conditions at the discounter Lidl – which will not happen as a research topic at TU, then,” he said in an Interview with the MIRROR.

“We forbid any interference”

The TUM value specifies that the Foundation had no influence, neither in the selection of the professors still at the research. “We prohibit any interference,” says TUM’s press spokesman Ulrich Marsch. “There were companies that wanted to interfere with the endowment of a chair to donate, but to the research program, the negotiations have stopped.” Insight into the contracts, however, there are not.

Christian Kreiß, the Professor from Aalen, writes: “no one knows how many of the requirements of the companies and foundations make the Unis.” The donors to decide directly what the chairs and faculties in the country would be created.

Peter-André Alt, President of the German rectors ‘ conference, by contrast, holds that in the case of research collaborations often sensitive data to be in the game: “In the sense of a trustful cooperation is absolutely understandable and legitimate that contracts and content Detail will be published.”

Also, the state of Baden-Württemberg, where the TUM-goes outside, does not interfere. “In the case of branches of universities from other Federal States or EU member States, whether private or state-owned, is in the state of Baden-Württemberg is only a display compulsory – no compulsory licensing”, according to the Ministry of education in the country. The TUM was for the courses and their quality.

education campus in Heilbronn

But how much you can give to the donors Believe that they affect the universities really? Finally, there were such cases already: the pharmaceuticals group had secured Boehringer Ingelheim extensive rights, especially in the appointment of professors at the University of Mainz. Also, the Humboldt University in Berlin and the TU Berlin in the year 2006 by the Deutsche Bank two professorships pins. Later it came out that the Bank for teaching, research, and staff a lot of say had been given. When the bubble burst five years later, has ended the cooperation.

At the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, the former Audi Board member for human resources Werner Widuckel received an Audi-funded professorship. After a few years the money ran out, now Widuckel of the University is paid. And at the TU Berlin Eckard Flöter works as a Professor for food process engineering. The former employees of Unilever, began on a Foundation chair of Unilever. In the meantime, the TU has taken over the financing.

According to the Association, 90 percent of the endowed professorships of the universities, are financed. Is unnoticed the science, therefore, but of the economy undermined? Christian Kreiß says: Yes. Because professors who are paid by the University, no longer appear in the statistics as a Foundation professors. But as a normal chair, without any reference to their past.

summary: Lidl-founder Dieter Schwarz, TU Munich, 20 endowed professorships for life. Critics complain that companies and foundations, with donations to take more and more influence on the science and research. Here in Germany there are only around 800 Foundation professors – a total of more than 47,000 professors. According to the Stifterverband, the investments of companies in the universities. Nevertheless, many professors will be taken over by the universities, if the Foundation’s money has run out – then they no longer appear in the statistics as a Foundation professors.