Venezuela’s President Nicolás Maduro has rejected by several EU member States set a deadline for new elections in the South American country. “You need to pull this Ultimatum,” said the ailing head of state on Sunday, broadcaster CNN Türk. “Nobody can set us an Ultimatum.” Venezuela is not bound to Europe. The Ultimatum he called “impudence”. Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza sekundierte: “We will not allow anyone to give us any orders.”
Some EU States, including Germany and France, have called on Maduro on Saturday, within a period of eight days to organise new elections. Otherwise, they wanted to recognise the self-appointed head of state, Juan Guaidó as the legitimate interim President. Also the UK, Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands supported the initiative.
Guaidó, chief of the disempowered Parliament, had agreed on Wednesday to interim President. The United States recognized him immediately, Canada, and several Latin American countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Colombia followed. Russia, China, Iran and Turkey, however, hold more to Maduro. Russia and China blocked on Saturday in the UN security Council, one of the USA’s proposed statement of support Guaidós.
With its concerted action by the Europeans to increase pressure on the increasingly authoritarian ruling in power Maduro, who is currently experiencing the biggest crisis of his tenure. “The people of Venezuela must be free and in safety decide on its future,” urged Martina Fietz, Deputy spokesperson of the Federal government, via Twitter. The President of France, Emmanuel Macron, and Spain’s Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez expressed on Twitter in a similar way. Also, the Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom joined.
A clear Ultimatum on behalf of the European Union as a whole had failed, apparently, to the resistance of some countries. The EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini was able to give, therefore, on the weekend, only a watered-down Declaration. In it, you threatened only indirectly, with the recognition Guaidós by the EU, if “in the next few days” not a new election will be announced.
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planned On the EU course in dealing with Venezuela will now be next Thursday discussed further. Then, the foreign Ministers of the member States come together to a two-day informal Meeting in the Romanian capital, Bucharest.
the Pope Also commented on the Venezuelan crisis. During his visit to Central America, Pope Francis urged a “peaceful and just” solution. The power struggle was a “serious Situation,” said Francis on Sunday at world youth day in Panama city. At the same time, he called for the observance of human rights.
the military is not the decisive factor of power
Guaidó has internationally significant restraint, in Venezuela he has so far, but no real position of power. In order to increase the pressure on Maduro, he announced for the coming week, a further large-scale demonstration. “We go back on the road,” he said. “Venezuela is waking up to make his dream a reality. There’s nobody here.”
The decisive factor of power in the country with the largest Oil reserves in the world, but the military, which is loyal to Maduro. The generals are in control of large parts of the Oil industry, as well as the distribution of food and have little interest in a change in the presidential Palace. In addition, many officers will be involved in criminal business – in return for their loyalty to Maduro lets you grant.
Guaidó know the soldiers and put an Amnesty in view, when you break up with Maduro. A first success, he was able to post his Advertise already: The military attaché at the Venezuelan Embassy in Washington said on Saturday, Maduro, and was in the service of Guaidó. “He is the only legitimate President,” said Colonel Jose Luis.
Loew / AFP / dpa