Contents page 1 — There is no excuse for inaction page 2 — Germany must be political pressure On a page to read
the President of The International Rescue Committee, David Miliband, was recently in Yemen. Here he describes what needs to be done, the international community – and especially Germany – to end the war in Yemen.
drew Two deaths in recent times, the attention of the world on the house of Saud: the brutal murder of a saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi. On the other, the slow death by starvation of seven-year-old Amal Hussain. A photo of the New York Times showed the girl emaciated on a hospital bed in the North of Yemen and shocked the world. The acute danger is that much more people die due to a lack of political leadership.
just Recently, I was in Yemen, in my Position as President of the International Rescue Committee. In the thirty years of Albert Einstein, we are aid as a humanitarian organization in more than 40 conflict and war-torn countries. Also, Yemen is one of them. There are nearly two million children are acutely malnourished, and 400,000 of them are on the verge of starvation. 22 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. More than half of the country has no access to clean water, which led to the worst Cholera outbreak in history: 1.2 million people are affected. About 50 percent of the health infrastructure in the country are destroyed, for more than two years, the health care staff receives no salary. During my stay in Yemen I saw due to the fuel in the absence of kilometre-long queues at petrol stations. The Yemeni Rial is hardly something of value, the economy is in free fall. Since the warning of the United Nations is no surprise that 14 million people are threatened by famine.
However, the worst humanitarian crisis in the world is in reality a political crisis. The humanitarian Suffering is not the result of a natural disaster such as a drought, but it is made of people. The Houthi movement, led a coup which has triggered a many years long lasting war, in which 18,000 of air attacks by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition and fierce fighting on both sides of the Yemen to the abyss. 56,000 people were killed in the Fighting or wounded, 50 of which are on the same day as Jamal Khashoggi.
Although the Houthis have always played a role in the Yemeni society, they have recently received increasing support from Iran. The war in Yemen is not only a civil war – it is a snapshot of a larger split in the Arab world. Rocket attacks from the Houthi-controlled areas in the neighboring Saudi Arabia are intended to be based on Iranian supplies.
from 2007 to 2010, the British foreign Minister. Since 2013 he is President of the International Rescue Committee (IRC), based in New York, particularly in crisis regions, aid for refugees and victims of war. The IRC is an Initiative of Albert Einstein, and supported from 1933, initially mainly refugees of the Nazi regime. Today the organization is present in more than 40 countries.
in Spite of the enormous war expenditure seems to be the tactic of Saudi Arabia not to be working.Iran is stronger than four years ago, the coalition is more fragmented. The bomb attacks have been sick, destroyed homes, water treatment plants, farms and factories, but the Houthi fighters, who have entrenched themselves in the North of Yemen, have not driven them. The Chaos has become a breeding ground for extremists, the Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the Islamic state (IS), in order to gain followers.
The current focus of the military effort and the humanitarian crisis is in Hodeidah on the Red sea. In front of the Saudi Arabia listed attacks the port city home to some 600,000 civilians, and the goal for 80 per cent of humanitarian and commercial supplies to Yemen from abroad. The claims of the IRC and other non-governmental organizations, the city can not attack, was not investigated. Since the appeal of the United States after the completion of the fight two weeks ago, military activity has increased even more. In the last week, militias supported by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates launched a ground offensive on Hudaida. The view that the call of the United States is purely rhetorical and not meaningful, is alarming and promotes further military actions.
It is not clear that the current military strategy will only make things worse politically, but also on a humanitarian level. This shows how a political solution could look like: For Commitments of the Houthis, and the attack on Saudi Arabia will be making in return in the framework of the newly negotiated constitutional order, the decentralisation of the state to the parts of the country governed. For this purpose, the exchange of prisoners and the medical care of the Wounded. And, most importantly, the facilitation of humanitarian assistance and economic activities, to relieve the most urgent Need, and to bring the economy back in gear.
Germany warns of the consequences of the war is open and is about to take a seat in the UN security Council. Thus, the Federal Republic of Germany can play an important role, words, in political Action.